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Difference Between Belfast Agreement And Good Friday Agreement

6. Cooperation at the conference will also include facilitating security cooperation. The conference will also focus on rights, justice, prisons and policing in Northern Ireland (unless responsibility is placed by a Northern Ireland administration) and will strengthen cooperation between the two governments in the areas of the island, or across borders. These themes – parades, flags and the legacy of the past – were negotiated in 2013 under the chairmanship of Richard N. Haass, president of the Council on Foreign Relations, and Meghan L. O`Sullivan, a professor at Harvard Kennedy School and now on the CFR board. The talks involving the five main political parties were not agreed upon, although many of these proposals – including the creation of a historic investigation unit to investigate unsolved deaths during the conflict and a commission to help victims obtain information about the deaths of their loved ones – were a large part of the Stormont House agreement reached in 2014. In the context of political violence during the riots, the agreement forced participants to find « exclusively democratic and peaceful means to resolve political differences. » Two aspects were taken into account: the vague wording of certain provisions, called « constructive ambiguity »[8], helped ensure the adoption of the agreement and allowed the debate on some of the most controversial issues to be postponed. These include extra-military dismantling, police reform and the standardisation of Northern Ireland. The British government is virtually out of the game and neither parliament nor the British people have, as part of this agreement, the legal right to obstruct the achievement of Irish unity if it had the consent of the people of the North and The South… Our nation is and will remain a nation of 32 circles. Antrim and Down are and will remain a part of Ireland, just like any southern county.

[20] Although Prime Minister Johnson and Irish leaders promised to protect the Good Friday agreement, some Brexit supporters took the opportunity to criticize the agreement`s power-sharing institutions, arguing that the pact was obsolete. Some members of the DUP, who opposed the agreement in 1998, also questioned the provisions it adopted. It is essential that the agreement obliges the parties to adopt democratic and peaceful methods to resolve political issues, to use their influence to end paramilitary groups and to normalise security measures in Northern Ireland. Some observers fear that the UK`s withdrawal from the EU could threaten the Good Friday agreement; Among them was Tony Blair, the British Prime Minister, who presided over the agreement. Irish Prime Minister Leo Varadkar repeated this point in March 2018, arguing that Brexit « threatens to widen a gap between Britain and Ireland, between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, and possibly between the two communities in Northern Ireland. » (Varadkar announced his resignation after his party lost in the Irish parliamentary elections in February 2020. Sinn Fein politicians have called Brexit « the greatest threat in the history of the peace process. » The agreement was reached between the British and Irish governments as well as eight northern Ireland political parties or groups.

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